Education has changed dramatically, e-learning went from optional to mandatory, whereby teaching is undertaken remotely and on digital platforms. India is all set to witness a much needed reform in education with the approval of the new education policy 2020 in july. So lets also discuss the new changes and reforms in the policy.
What is National Education Policy?
National Education Policy is a comprehensive framework to guide the development of education in the country. To date, there have been 3 NEPs changed. The released, new NEP will not just change the way a student studies but also the way examinations are conducted and the final assessment is provided. There will be a lot more flexibility to choose subjects in schools and colleges. Let's understand each of the key changes being brought into the Indian education system with NEP 2020.
Dismantling the old 10+2 concept, the policy pitches for a “5+3+3+4” design corresponding to the age groups 3-8 years (foundational stage), 8-11 (preparatory), 11-14 (middle), and 14-18 (secondary). This brings early childhood education (also known as pre-school education for children of ages 3 to 5) under the umbrella of formal schooling.Assessments and Evaluation
Exams will not be conducted every year for your child. Instead, your child will take school examinations in grades 3, 5, and 8. Board exams for grades 10 and 12 will be continued, but redesigned with holistic development as the aim. The idea is to instill a sense of responsibility and self-evaluation among students, especially at a tender age.School curriculum
Gone are the days when universities and top companies cared about academic scores alone. It’s a great thing that the government has realised this shift in global education. The new policy, rightly so, emphasizes this aspect as well. The curriculum to be adapted and developed is aimed to be more skill-based. It gives students increased flexibility and choice of subjects to study across Arts, Humanities, Sciences, Sports, and Vocational subjects. Vocational education will start in schools from the 6th grade and will include internships. This means that your child can opt for Mathematics and Fashion or Artificial Intelligence at the same time.Power of Language
One of the highly debated topics of the National Education Policy 2020 is the multilingualism-based shift. The policy advocates for mother-tongue/local language/regional language as the medium of instruction at least till grade 5, but preferably till Grade 8 and beyond. Sanskrit will now be offered at all levels of school and higher education as an option for students including the 3-language formula.Technology in Education
With the NEP’s aim to increase tech-based education, the national curriculum can provide topnotch learning to its students. The policy states that an autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF), will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, and administration.